Israel is gearing up for a scenario-summer

prep scenario

In any future war, Israel will be hit with the largest rocket salvos seen in its history – that was the stark warning issued by Brig.-Gen.

Zvika Haimovich, commander of air defenses in the Israel Air Force on Monday.

Speaking at the Israel Air Missile Defense Conference at Rishon Lezion, which was organized by the iHLS website, he said that Iran, Hezbollah, and Hamas were carrying out joint research and development of rockets, adding, “We can see a lot of live tests in Gaza with Hamas, and with Iran and Hezbollah [in Lebanon]. They have put in a lot of effort into increasing and improving their skills.”

Hostile entities will seek to overwhelm air defenses with heavy salvos, Haimovich said.

“In the future, we will meet and engage much bigger salvos,” he said. They will come from multiple directions, and a “regional war” is a more realistic scenario than a single-front escalation.

Gazan and southern Lebanese weapons storage facilities house many thousands of rockets, Haimovich said, adding, “It doesn’t matter how many. We are dealing with a complicated environment.”

Israel’s enemies have concluded that firing large numbers of inaccurate rockets is insufficient, and in recent years, they have begun moving away from that tactic, and toward accurate, guided projectiles, he said. With rockets becoming accurate, the difference between rockets and missiles has become fudged, he added.

Hezbollah can cover more than 75 percent of Israeli territory with its rockets and missiles. “If we are talking about the multi-directional threat, this is much more complicated than what we faced five to 10 years ago. We will deal with very big numbers of salvos, of more than 50 to 100 [projectiles]. It doesn’t matter if this is [fired] by Hezbollah or Hamas. We will meet new surprises on the battlefield, that’s for sure,” the air defense chief said.

Additionally, enemies will fire cruise missiles at Israel in the next war, he warned.

“It’s not a nightmare. It’s a very realistic scenario.

This is the way we prepare and train our commands and units to be ready for the next event.”

The appearance of Islamic State in Sinai has added to the list of entities that can fire projectiles at Israel, Haimovich said.

In response to the mounting threats, the IAF’s air defense units are focused on creating flexibility, and updating their battle doctrine, to ensure they are dealing with future, rather than the past.

The IAF’s air defense units will need to be able to select the right targets out of a very crowded sky in any future conflict, Haimovich said, describing that task as a “huge challenge.”

He admitted that Israel has a lack of resources, and not enough interceptors to defend against the full range of aerial threat. “This means we have to maximize our interceptors. It [also] means that rockets and missiles will hit the State of Israel in the next escalation,” he armed.

The IAF’s mission is to minimize the damage, he added.

He called for the acquisition of more air defense batteries and interceptors, but added, “This isn’t enough.” Integrating the various air defense systems, creating cross-branch IDF cooperation, and working with the US are all needed, he argued.

“We need to prepare our units. I really don’t know when next war will occur. It’s a kind of race between us and the other side. Our challenge is to always be in front, and to be one step ahead of our enemies and neighbors,” Haimovich said.

“It’s not very optimistic, but this is a realistic scenario.”


Original Article: The Jerusalem Post

Arab States Voted For Israel to Lead UN Legal Committee

arab un for isra

Amid reports about a number of Arab countries secretly voting in favor of Israel’s chairmanship of a prestigious United Nations committee, Israel’s ambassador to the UN told The Algemeiner on Wednesday that he “recognizes the importance of the 109 countries that voted for us.”

Ambassador Danny Danon was responding to a report in the London-based Qatari daily Al-Quds Al-Arabi, according to which at least four unnamed Arab states did not join efforts on the part of a coalition of Arab and Muslim countries to thwart Israel’s candidacy to lead the UN General Assembly Sixth Committee — also known as the UN Legal Committee — and in fact voted in support of Israel.

Danon was elected on Monday to chair the committee — a move that is being hailed as historic, as he will be the first Israeli representative to lead a permanent UN committee since Israel joined the international body in 1949.

According to a translation of the Arabic Al-Quds Al-Arabi report provided by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), “diplomatic sources” told the newspaper that “at least four Arab countries supported the Israeli candidate.” Further proof cited by the Qatari daily was that “Danon’s statement [following the vote] included no criticism of the Arab group” which attempted to thwart Israel’s nomination.

While Danon was unable to comment on the number of Arab countries that supported Israel — since, as he pointed out, voting took place through secret ballot — he did tell The Algemeiner, “This victory sends the message that Israel intends to play a significant role in the international arena for years to come.”

“Israel is a full member of the UN and will not be treated as a second-class citizen in the parliament of nations. We will not allow dictatorships and anti-Israel countries to harm our standing in the international community,” he said. “Those who tried to block our appointment would be well advised to take note of the jurisdiction of this committee, as they have much to learn about international law.”

The Sixth Committee is the UN’s primary forum focusing on issues of international law and combating terrorism. Nominating the chairmanship for the legal forum is based on a rotation system among the various geographic zones. This year, the 28 member states of the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) voting bloc — which includes almost all western European countries, Turkey, Canada, Australia, Israel, New Zealand and the US as an observer — were responsible for nominating the next leader of the committee.

Danon received 109 votes out of a possible 193, with Arab and Muslim oppositionists writing in their own candidate.
Original Article: Algemeiner

UN GENEVA: Israel gets singular focus at UN rights body

Geneva 2

Wars in Iraq, Syria and Yemen have killed hundreds of thousands of people. Enforced disappearances, torture and extremist attacks infringe on human rights worldwide. Tyrannical, autocratic leaders and their allies from Belarus to Burundi repel dissent with an iron fist.

But while human rights abuses are legion in these troubled times, only one country has its record inspected at every single session of the United Nations Human Rights Council: Israel, over its policies in the occupied Palestinian territories.

Israel, which trumpets its bona fides as a democracy in a difficult neighborhood full of enemies, is crying foul. And it is not entirely alone: Other critics, notably the United States, also decry what they see as an entrenched bias in United Nations institutions and an obsession with the Palestinian issue at the expense of other crises around the globe.

As the council convened Monday in Geneva for its second, weeks-long session this year, “Item 7” considers the human rights implications of Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territory. The standing item at the 10-year-old council has come to exemplify the spotlight on Israel in a number of U.N. bodies.

“I don’t know whether it’s fair or unfair, but it’s obvious that the majority of members want to continue to focus on the situation of Israel and Palestine,” council president Choi Kyong-lim told The Associated Press.

Of 233 country-specific HRC resolutions in the last decade, more than a quarter — 65 — focus on Israel. About half of those are “condemnatory.” Israel easily tops the second-place country in the infamous rankings: Syria, where since 2011 at least 250,000 have been killed, over 10 million displaced, and swaths of cities destroyed, was the subject of 19 resolutions.

“The U.N. continues to single out Israel, the one liberal democracy in the Middle East,” said David Keyes, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s spokesman. “Imagine that. A country with free speech, free elections and minority rights is condemned more than mass murdering dictatorships like North Korea, Iran and Syria. That speaks for itself.”

Shortly after taking office in 2007, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon criticized the standing item on Israel, saying he was “disappointed at the council’s decision to single out only one specific regional item, given the range and scope of allegations of human rights violations throughout the world.”

It hasn’t budged since.

Over the years, the council has variously criticized Israel’s presence in the Golan Heights and its detention of Syrian suspects without trial, a lack of cooperation with U.N. human rights investigators, its expansion of settlements in the West Bank, and its muscular and at times deadly response to militants’ rocket attacks from Gaza that have killed Israeli civilians.

This session, no resolutions are planned on Israel, but it still gets automatic billing.

Israel’s expansion of West Bank settlements in recent years has garnered sharp criticism, even of allies.

The criticism of Israel spans many U.N. bodies. Take some other recent examples:

—Israeli officials bristled after the U.N.’s cultural agency, UNESCO, passed a resolution in April that put the Western Wall in Jerusalem — Judaism’s holiest site — in quotation marks and described other Jewish sites as “so-called.”

—An HRC resolution in March called on U.N. human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein to set up a database of businesses operating in settlements in the West Bank and Golan Heights. U.S. Ambassador Keith Harper said that move “only serves to reinforce the council’s one-sided actions against Israel.”

—On Friday, Zeid condemned Wednesday’s gun attack in Tel Aviv that killed four people. But he quickly expressed concern about the response, saying that Israeli authorities could be engaging in “collective punishment” with some measures against Palestinians like canceling 83,000 travel permits granted to West Bank and Gaza residents during Ramadan. Israel’s mission in Geneva accused his office of “using the murder of innocent Israelis to attack Israel.”

Palestinians accuse Israel of intransigence in applying U.N. resolutions.

“Israel tries to say that the U.N. is not the place to solve problems,” said Palestinian Foreign Minister Riad Malki. “Israel tries hard to single out the Palestinians by saying the conflict will be solved by the two sides and in the same time it continues confiscating lands and building settlements. Israel … doesn’t listen to anybody.”

The Palestinians, who have been gaining a greater presence in U.N. institutions in recent years, have allies like the Organization for Islamic Cooperation, which has often led the push for resolutions critical of Israel. An OIC official did not respond to calls and e-mails seeking comment, saying only that its ambassador to the council had recently left.

John Fisher, Geneva director for Human Rights Watch, said that while his group believes Israel’s record deserves attention, it also has been calling for “attention to situations that are not on the council’s agenda at all, but should be.”

The more economic and political heft that a country has, the more it can block intense scrutiny. Uber-rich Saudi Arabia thwarted efforts to create an international probe of rights abuses in neighboring Yemen, where a Saudi-led military coalition has led a campaign including air strikes that have left hundreds of civilians dead.

On the side of those less influential, there’s Eritrea: a small, poor country on the Red Sea whose African neighbors want to highlight in this session with a resolution critical of its rights record.

Nearly from its inception, the HRC has drawn criticism for its make-up. This year, China, Cuba, Russia, Venezuela and Burundi are among its 47 members. Diplomats insist the HRC reflects the world, and cannot only include peaceful Western democracies. They say no country is fully above reproach.

The HRC has had achievements in places like post-genocide Sri Lanka, whose new government has been generally receptive to scrutiny and has cooperated with the council. Some Latin American countries are expected to lead an effort in this session to support protections for people based on their gender identities and sexual orientation.
Original Article: The Washington Post

Palestinians are victims of their Palestinian Authority

Bassem Eid

Bassem Eid, born in the Jordanian-occupied Old City in Jerusalem who currently resides in Jericho, is the founder and executive director of the Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group established in 1996 during the Oslo process to monitor human rights violations committed by the Palestinian Authority against its Palestinian citizens.

Bassem is a harsh critic of the Palestinian Authority and a leading voice against the anti-Israel boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) movement who is not afraid to speak the truth about Israel or the conflict in the Middle East. For his refusal to blame Israel as the sole source of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he has been called a “traitor”, his talks have been disrupted, and his most recent lecture at the University of Chicago was shut down by a mob of anti-Israel activists, forcing him to be escorted out by police for his own safety.

Bassem spoke in Toronto on March 11, 2016.

Bassem started the talk by saying that contrary to popular opinion, the biggest conflict is not between Israel and the Palestinians, but between two Palestinian factions – Fatah in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza. Since the Palestinians became divided in 2007 when Hamas violently took over the Gaza Strip, they have been unable to reach any kind of unity, in spite of several previous attempts. Unlike Israel, which is interested in reconstructing Gaza after the 2014 war, he explained that neither the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah nor Egypt are willing to do so.

“When you look at the Middle East today, you will find that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the least significant conflict in the Middle East. As a Palestinian, I don’t want to live in Syria, or Iraq or Libya or Yemen. It’s much better for me and for my children to live under the Israelis. It’s the safest place in the Middle East”.
The Egyptian government and the Palestinian Authority are not interested in reconstructing Gaza because of Hamas. For the last several years Hamas – which was designated by the Egyptian government as a terrorist organization in 2015 – has been waging a terror campaign in the Sinai Peninsula. Hamas also offers terrorists from other groups who are fighting in the Sinai a kind of shelter inside the Gaza Strip. As a result, Egypt has been applying pressure on the Gazans to get rid of Hamas, which included flooding terror tunnels, bulldozing neighbourhoods in order to expand the buffer zone between Gaza and Egypt, building an underground barrier to prevent tunnelling by Gazan smugglers and by keeping the Rafah border crossing shut most of the time, keeping Gazans trapped in the enclave. Palestinian Authority is not interested in reconstructing Gaza because Mahmoud Abbas believes that putting pressure on Gaza will pave the way for Abbas’ Fatah faction to take back control over the Gaza Strip which it lost after the Hamas takeover in 2007.

Israel, according to Bassem, wants to help with the Gaza reconstruction efforts, but is very concerned that the money and building materials will be used for terror infrastructure instead of civil infrastructure, which was damaged during Israel’s defensive war against Hamas in the summer of 2014.

According to Bassem, Hamas-controlled Gaza is one of the major obstacles to peace between the Palestinians and Israel.

His harshest criticism is reserved for the Palestinian leadership in Ramallah. “I believe that Abbas only represents his two sons and his wife. Nobody believes that Abbas is going to build any future Palestinian state. If you ask Palestinians what is the most important thing for them today, most of them will say jobs. To secure the education system and future for my children. Nobody is talking about settlements or war or foundation of the Palestinians, which means that the majority of people these days want economic prosperity, not a state”, he said.

Bassem is certain that only economic prosperity can lead to the solution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since the Oslo Accord was signed, Palestinians received billions of dollars in aid. “Did these billions succeed in creating even one job for the Palestinians? Palestinian Authority doesn’t care about the economy.

The only ones who care about the Palestinian economy are the Israelis.” In addition to 92,000 existing work permits which enable Palestinians to work in Israel, in February the Israeli security cabinet has approved a new plan which would see 30,000 additional Palestinian workers employed in construction, infrastructure, manufacturing, agriculture and other areas.

“Egypt and Jordan occupied us for 19 years and never offered us a state. Why should Israel offer us a state?”
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is no longer a priority for the international community which is trying to manage the growing Islamist terrorism in the Middle East and its spillover into Europe. As a result, the Palestinian Authority’s anger is growing, and to raise the international community’s awareness, it resorts to terrorism. Bassem believes the catalyst for the most recent wave of Palestinian terrorism was Abbas’ speech at the UN last September. Shortly after the speech, Palestinians unleashed the still ongoing so-called Knife Intifada during which dozens of Israelis were murdered and hundreds injured. “Violence attracts the eyes of the international community which will, in turn, pushes for resuming negotiations. The only ones who benefit from the storm of violence is only the Palestinian Authority”.

Abbas keeps the cycle of terror going by honouring the terrorists as “martyrs” and by meeting with the terrorists’ families and paying them $2,000-$3,000.

“When you have a President who is trying to sacrifice his people, I don’t think the people should have to have any expectation that this person is going to solve our problems. Ordinary Palestinians are fed up not only with the international community or the UN, they are primarily fed up with the Palestinian leaders. While people lose their trust in the leadership, I don’t think we should have any kind of expectation in the near future of a resolution to the conflict.”
“When will the Palestinians wake up? When will the international community wake up? When will they start recognizing the Palestinians are not victims of the occupation but the victims of their own leadership?”

“The international community wants to impose more and more pressure on Israel and ignore the internal conflict among the Palestinians. My message today is to point out the sickness of the Palestinian society. We must start to realize that we are a part of the conflict that we are responsible on our daily lives and not only blame Israel.”

The current violence taking place right now might seem like the majority of Palestinians are supporting it because they are silent. They do not. They are scared of speaking out and stand up and criticize and protest the so-called establishment. The stabbings will never bring any independence and will not solve our problems.

Bassem also slammed the international community for threatening to recognize the Palestinian state. “Which state are you going to recognize? How can you recognize a state when there is no infrastructure, no economy, when over 52% of the people are living in refugee camps? Show me one Arab country whose politicians are going to recognize the Palestinian state. I doubt there is even one Arab country right now that is interested in it.”

Between 1948 to 1967 Gaza was ruled by Egypt and the West Bank was ruled by Jordan, neither of which want to take the territories back. He finds it hypocritical that the Egyptians and Jordanians call on Israel to recognize the Palestinian state. “Egypt and Jordan occupied us for 19 years and never offered us a state. Why should Israel offer us a state?”

Bassem offers a creative solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by dividing the West Bank and Gaza among Palestinian tribes. “We have famous tribes in Nablus, Hebron and Gaza. They can rule different cities and their own areas and their own people. This is what’s going to happen in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, which will be divided between tribes. Palestinians, who are Arabs from Arab nations, can also be based on tribes. Let us have this solution – to divide the territories among tribes. It’s probably the only solution to the conflict.”

Original Article: CIJ News

Jordan cancels plan for security cameras on Temple Mount

TM cameras

PM says kingdom will halt program, aimed at preventing violent clashes at holy site, because of Palestinian opposition.

Jordan’s prime minister on Monday said his government had decided to call off a plan to install surveillance cameras at Jerusalem’s most sensitive holy site, derailing a US-brokered pact to ease tensions at the volatile hilltop compound.

Abdullah Ensour told the state-run Petra News Agency that Jordan was calling off the plan due to Palestinian concerns.

“We were surprised since we announced our intention to carry out the project by the reactions of some of our brothers in Palestine who were skeptical about the project,” he said. “We have found that this project is no longer enjoying a consensus, and it might be controversial. Therefore we have decided to stop implementing it.”

The decision came just days before the Jewish holiday of Passover — a time of increased activity at the site. The Temple Mount is revered by Jews as the site of the biblical Temples, and by Muslims, who call it the Noble Sanctuary. It has been a frequent scene of violence in the past.

In a deal brokered by US Secretary of State John Kerry, Jordan offered to install the cameras last fall after clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli security forces.

The Palestinians had accused Israel of secretly plotting to take over the site — a charge Israel strongly denies — while Israel pointed to videos showing Palestinian protesters using the mosque as cover while throwing stones and firecrackers at police. The idea was that transparency by both sides would help ease tensions.

But the plan quickly ran into trouble, with the Palestinians objecting to Israeli demands to place cameras inside the mosque. The Palestinians also said that Israel would use the cameras to spy on them.

Israel wants cameras installed everywhere in the compound, including in the mosques, to document the alleged hoarding of stones and weaponry by Palestinians in preparation for clashes with Israeli security forces. Jordan, the custodian of the shrine, only wanted cameras in open areas to show alleged violations by Israeli security forces.

Palestinians earlier this month placed notices in the Jerusalem compound warning of plans to smash any security cameras installed at the site.

The Jordanian decision could deal an embarrassing blow to Kerry, who had hailed the deal at the time it was announced last October and pushed behind the scenes in recent months for the sides to wrap it up.

There was no immediate reaction from the US, Israel or the Palestinians.

Clashes between Palestinian youths and Israeli security forces erupted at the compound in September, preceding a wave of Palestinian terrorism and violence, including stabbing, shooting and vehicular ramming attacks that have killed 29 Israelis, two Americans, an Eritrean and a Sudanese since October 1. Some 200 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli security forces in this period, most of them while carrying out attacks, according to Israeli officials.

Israel captured the Temple Mount, site of the biblical Temples, from Jordan in the 1967 Six Day War and later annexed the area, but it left Jordanian religious authorities in charge of the Muslim holy sites there. While Israel controls access to the holy site, Jews are barred from praying there.

Israel and Jordan have close but quiet relations in other areas, such as security coordination against Islamic extremists. Israeli and Jordanian officials have shied away from commenting about the cameras on the record, presumably not wanting to upset the delicate ties between the countries.

Original Article: The Times Of Israel



Western countries are turning a blind eye to the genocide that the Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) is committing against Christians in Iraq and Syria, reports the U.K.’s Daily Express, citing a charity group.

ISIS has already executed thousands of Christians and forced thousands more to flee ancient Christian communities in northeastern Syria and western Iraq, notes the article, adding that the jihadists demand they either covert to Islam, pay an extortionate rate/tax, or face execution, while other Christians are crucified.

“Despite concerns being raised by religious leaders including the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, the plight of Christian refugees is largely being ignored by the western world,” reports Daily Express.

Jewish peer George Weidenfeld, who was able to escapee Nazi-occupied Austria with the assistance of British Christians, is funding a charity known as the Barnabas Fund in an effort to save the Syrian Christians.

“I have a debt to repay,” Lord Weidenfeld, who was rescued by Quakers at the age of five, told Daily Express.

ISIS “is unprecedented in its primitive savagery compared with the more sophisticated Nazis. When it comes to pure lust for horror and sadism, they are unprecedented. There never was such scum as these people,” later added Weidenfeld.

The charity has already mounted a series of missions to rescue the Christians in Syria.

Christians have reportedly been crucified, beheaded, raped, and forced to convert to Islam by ISIS. All the while, Christian children are being sold into slavery.

“It is like going back 1,000 years seeing the barbarity that Christians are having to live under. I think we are dealing with a group which makes Nazism pale in comparison and I think they have lost all respect for human life,” the charity’s founder and international chief Patrick Sookhdeo told Daily Express.

“Crucifying these people is sending a message and they are using forms of killing which they believe have been sanctioned by Sharia law,” he added. “For them what they are doing is perfectly normal and they don’t see a problem with it. It is that religious justification which is so appalling.”

In Syria alone, the Christian population has plunged by nearly two-thirds since the country’s civil war started in 2011, Daily Express reports.

More than 700,000 of Syria’s Christian population of 1.1 million have been displaced by ISIS.

No more than 250,000 Christians remain in Syria, estimated Mr. Sookhdeo.

“In Aleppo, to give you one illustration, there used to be 400,000 Christians four years ago. Today there may be between 45,000 and 65,000,” he said.

Mr Sookhdeo is struggling to find countries that will take in the hundreds of thousands of Syrian Christians whom he believes have “lost all hope”.

The Barnabas Fund has already liberated 158 Christians from Syria. They were taken to Poland, where the charity found them a new home.

Mr. Sookhdeo recently traveled to eastern Europe in search of “refuge for the hundreds of thousands of Syrian Christians who continue to live under the tyranny of IS,” reports Daily Express.

The charity chief accused the British government of employing a Syrian refugee policy that is unfair to Christians.

Sookhdeo believes that “Britain’s offer to take up to 20,000 Syrian refugees inadvertently discriminates against the Christian communities most victimised by the Islamic State butchers.”

Only taking refugees from the camps excludes many Christians, because most of them prefer to live in church halls or with other families instead, noted Mr. Sookhdeo.

“Because these people are Christians they can also integrate very quickly within the churches…There are eastern European countries that are sympathetic but once we hit the UK and some of the other countries, they say they don’t want to do it,” he also said.

Some European nations have expressed a willingness to take in Christian refugees from the Syrian conflict.

Original Article: BREITBART

EGYPT: Sisi presents the Egyptian agenda to an indifferent world

Sisi presentation

Egyptian president puts squarely on the table the issues confronting the Middle East as seen by his country.
As the 70th session of the UN General Assembly opens, the eyes of the world are focused on Syria and the Russian military presence there; America is looking to implement the nuclear treaty with Iran, in effect making that country the dominant power in the Middle East; and the pope is extolling humanitarian values and ignoring the plight of whole Christian communities eradicated and massacred.

Yet the Egyptian president managed to make his voice heard, however briefly. In a lengthy interview to the Associated Press on Friday, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi stressed once more that comprehensive cooperation between Arab states and the West is needed to defeat the growing terrorist menace that has already destroyed a number of countries and is now threatening the land of the Nile.

It was not necessary to belabor the point.

Islamic State is progressing almost unchallenged in Syria and Iraq in spite of the feeble efforts of a ramshackle coalition of Arab and Western countries doing little more than conduct some ineffective air raids. Three semi-autonomous regions and two rival governments are fighting over what used to be Libya, with any number of feuding militias tearing the country apart – and dispatching weapons and terrorists to Egypt and neighboring states; a hapless UN representative is futilely trying to achieve some sort of compromise.

In Yemen, pro-Iranian Houthi rebels are defying a coalition of Gulf states led by Saudi Arabia and with the support of Egypt, and there is no end in sight.

The much needed comprehensive cooperation that Egypt is calling for will not be forthcoming.

Though all know how dire the situation is, but Middle East countries as well as the great powers are still guided by their own narrow interests. America has abandoned the region to the tender mercies of Iran; and last week, France at long last agreed to send its warplane to bomb Islamic State, but only in Syria, and not in its Iraqi strongholds. Iran is asserting its dominant position, Hezbollah grows stronger, Russia is sending weapons and warplanes to Syria in a move that threatens what’s left of the stability of the region.

The West is scrambling to adjust to the new reality.

Bashar Assad, who is responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of his own people, is now “part of the solution” and the West which had been clamoring for his departure is ready to engage in talks. Of course, the civil war is driving millions of Syrians to look for a brighter future in Europe…

A strong Egypt is vital for Western interests – that was part of the unspoken message of President Sisi. He said that relations with Washington “were improving” and that they were “strategic and stable.” This is a diplomatic way of showing his disappointment with White House policies: Military aid to Egypt was only restored some weeks ago, after having been frozen for many months though it was desperately needed to help the country repulse the onslaught of Islamic terrorists in the Sinai Peninsula who have sworn allegiance to Islamic State. Joint “Bright Star” military exercises with Egypt and other Arab countries haven’t resumed yet. And Egypt is still waiting for special equipment and instructors to train Egyptian troops for anti-guerrilla warfare. Furthermore, the White House still has close links with the Muslim Brothers, Sisi’s bitterest enemies since they were toppled from power by a popular insurrection backed by the army.

The Brotherhood is still relentlessly trying to throw the country into chaos.

The Egyptian president made it clear that more should be done to solve the Palestinian issue. Such a solution, he believes, would be a game changer in the region and would lead to the peace treaty with Israel being extended to other countries. This was probably addressed to pragmatic Arab states and Saudi Arabia, to the Gulf states and even to Morocco, Egypt’s traditional allies – and perhaps silent allies of Israel in its fight against a nuclear Iran; Sisi would like them to exert pressure on the Palestinians to renew negotiations with Israel without useless preconditions, with a view to coming to a reasonable compromise. A very positive view, the Israeli prime minister was prompt to say.

In this remarkable interview Sisi put squarely on the table the issues confronting the Middle East as seen by his country. He may have been trying to stress that Egypt was still the greatest and most important Arab state, implying that should it be overrun by radical Islam the results would be a disaster not only for the region but for Europe, which has begun to realize what a flimsy barrier the Mediterranean Sea is, and even for the United States.

Is anyone listening to this most serious warning? It is unfortunately doubtful. The so-called great powers will stick to their narrow views and narrow interests, determined not to see the elephant in the room.

Original Article: The Jerusalem Post

EGYPT: Four U.S. troops, two international peacekeepers wounded in Sinai blasts

un in sinai

Four American and two international peacekeepers from Fiji were wounded Thursday in two bomb blasts on Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, and required medical evacuation, defense officials said.

All six troops were with the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), an international coalition set up to keep the peace between Egypt and Israel after a treaty was reached between the two nations at Camp David, Md., in 1978. The two international troops hit an improvised explosive device with their vehicle, and then the four Americans were hit with a second explosion on another vehicle while attempting to respond and provide help, said Maj. Roger M. Cabiness II, a military spokesman at the Pentagon.

The multinational force evacuated the soldiers by air with non-life-threatening injuries, said Navy Capt. Jeff Davis, another Pentagon spokesman, in a statement. The attacks occurred in the northeastern section of the Sinai, which has become increasingly volatile as militants inspired by the Islamic State have launched several large attacks.

The attacks occurred around 2 p.m. in Egypt while the troops were conducting supply and recovery convoys, the MFO said in a statement released Friday. All six soldiers were sent to Israel, and are in stable condition. It’s expected they will be released Friday night following additional medical tests.

U.S. military officials in Washington did not identify from which service the wounded Americans are from, but the MFO traditionally comprises U.S. soldiers and National Guardsmen in a unit called Task Force Sinai. It falls under the command of U.S. Army Central, which oversees Army operations in the Middle East, and includes at least 600 U.S. troops. The MFO has about 1,850 military and civilian personnel, it said.

The Pentagon is concerned about deteriorating security conditions in a northeastern part of the peninsula where Egyptian troops and the MFO are exposed to risk, Cabiness said. The area is home to MFO North Camp, a base about 10 miles west of the Egypt’s eastern border with Israel. Several improvised bomb attacks have killed Egyptian troops in recent months.

“We are considering what, if any, additional measures might be needed to ensure force protection,” Cabiness said. “This includes bringing in additional equipment if necessary.”

U.S. officials will continue to consult with the governments of Egypt and Israel and with the MFO as it considers any potential changes, military officials said. The force has traditionally been lightly armed and protected.

Original Article: The Washington Post

BDS is an asymmetric war for world opinion

Egypt BDS

Op-ed: The biggest problem with the BDS movement is that it isn’t an armed conflict but a conflict of the consciousness; its weapons are claims of human rights abuses, the battleground is the liberal west.

On June 2, 1964, in one of the most beautiful places in Jerusalem- the seven arches hotel on the Mount of Olives – the PLO was established by Ahmed Shukri and the Arab nations.

This date is critical when dealing with the emergent threat of the global BDS movement. It was three years before the occupation of Judea and Samaria, three years before the State of Israel, in hindsight, turned into a cause of instability in the Middle East. Three years before the Palestinians (according to the anti-Israel narrative) became the nation being oppressed by Israel.

The purpose of the PLO was – among other things – to carry out an armed struggle against Israel. The aim this struggle was not to establish their own independent Palestinian state, but to eradicate the independent Jewish state that had survived the war of 1948, against all odds.

This story is the basis of the current battle against BDS. Anyone who thinks that this is a movement against the State of Israel is missing the point; this battle is against the Israeli phenomenon as a whole.

The biggest problem with the BDS movement is that it isn’t an armed conflict but a conflict of the consciousness, an asymmetric war for public opinion, on the base of legitimacy and perceived support. The weapons are claims of human rights abuses – mostly construed, sometimes altogether fictional; the battleground is in the west – in the liberal states to which Israel belongs.

The term asymmetric warfare was meant to explain what happens when a large military fights guerilla movements and terror organizations. The average Israeli knows the limits of strength; Hamas uses civilians and children as human shields – everything to keep the IDF from being able to shoot.

Terror organizations don’t have rules and moral boundaries in warm and we are seeing the same characteristics in the fight against BDS. In this battle there are no rules, no moral boundaries, no truths and no lies.

In May 2002, exactly 13 years ago, an IDF drone inadvertently captured a staged funeral procession in Jenin. On the stretcher lay a young Palestinian boy wrapped in a flag, surrounded by wailing women. It was another indictment against the IDF after Operation Defensive Shield, while Israel was undergoing a slurry of condemnation from around the world for a different massacre that never happened. At least this was the case until the stretcher fell and the young man tumbled off, jumped up and disappeared behind a corner – powered by his dead legs.

After this sad occasion came Jenin, Jenin, the duplicitous movie by Mohammed Bochri that claimed to tell the story of the massacre in the eponymous refugee camp, and which quickly became a hit with the organizations active within the BDS campaign. This popularity was akin to that for claims that Israel committed genocide against the Bedouins in the Negev in 2013, in reference to the resettlement plan. The same regard was held for Yasser Arafat’s claims that Israel was poisoning the water, or his wife’s claims that Israel had poisoned him. There are always claims that turn into facts when it comes to BDS supporters.

A sovereign, democratic state cannot lie, nor invent or claim facts without real proof. There are times when officials do make mistakes, there are times when we don’t talk about it, but Israel has boundaries – and you can’t play dirty in a battle for the conscience.

It’s a paradox but the vanguard of this battle against Israel is run by educated people, liberals with the theoretical ability to be self-critical.

Every year, more than 160 campuses worldwide mark Israeli apartheid week, targeting the horrendous Israelis, sometimes including comparisons to the Nazis, or pamphlets on invented genocides.

In the spring of 2010, Berkley became the first university in which the student senate tried to declare a boycott against companies trading with Israel. A year earlier, a Norwegian holding company became the first to pull investments from Israeli company Elbit systems; additionally a retirement fund pulled its money from shares in Africa Israel as part of the boycott.

A group of artists worried by the pull from Roger Waters decided to cancel shows in Israel. The success of the BDS movement is marginal in economic terms, however carries weight in that it creates a virtual world in which good is bad and bad is good.

Some of the members of the Palestinian organizations are Jews and even Israelis who want a different leadership – not seeing that the motivation behind BDS is to create a different state.

Israel is not perfect – there is room for improvement – but the distance between the delegitimizing claims and reality is the distance between a lie and the truth. We fight it primarily by being educated on what is really happening, and what really happened in the past.

Original Article: Ynet News

The people of Gaza are being exploited by Hamas and the Palestinian Authority

PA exploit ppl

Dr Kevin McCarthy/Kinsale|

If anyone still needs convincing that the so-called political representatives haven’t betrayed the people of Gaza, then the report by Steen Lau Jorgensen, the World Bank’s director for the region should once and for all highlight the criminal behaviour of Hamas and the Palestinian Authority.

Mr Jorgensen’s analysis is vitally important given the dominant anti-Israel narrative of the moment.

He reinforced that “Gaza’s economy is in a worse state than any other in the world” due to “repeated rounds of conflict, internal divisions and the embargos of Israel and Egypt” (Irish Examiner, World News, May 23).

The internecine confrontation between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority for control of Gaza has strangled at birth any and every financial, political or social initiative from the global community.

Hamas’ repeated attacks on Israel and Egypt are directly responsible for the economic blockade, while in terms of peace settlements, the Palestinian Authority, as Carlo Strenger, one of Israel’s harshest left-wing critics admitted, “never misses a chance to miss a chance”. That he uses the famous quote of Israel’s former foreign minister Abba Eban to make his point, gives his lament for the people of Gaza a poignancy that should register with every engaged actor.

Therefore, when the Irish Palestine Solidarity Campaign chant “from the river to the sea, Palestine shall be free”, one needs to ask is this simply naive, or is it a disengeneous attempt to obfuscate who the real enemies of the people of Gaza are?

Does the IPSC really believe that the people of Gaza would immediately prosper if Israel left, and Hamas and the Palestinian Authority were left to slaughter each other?

The answer is clearly no, they would continue to be exploited financially and politically by the millionaire leaders of both organisation’s who have no direct interaction with the people they are suppose to represent.

Original Article: The Irish Examiner

Egypt: Court Can’t Designate Israel a ‘Terrorist State’

Egypt nope

A court in Egypt on Monday rejected a lawsuit demanding the designation of Israel as a “terrorist state”, The Cairo Post reported.

According to the report, the Abdeen Court of Urgent Matters stated it has no legal authority to consider the suit, which was filed by the Nedal Center for Human Rights and Freedoms (NCHRF).

The group, which filed the case against the Egyptian President, Foreign Minister and Minister of Defense, asked them to issue a decree labelling Israel a “terrorist state.”

NCHRF cited alleged “human rights violations” committed by Israel, as well as supposed Israeli-led espionage cases in Egypt between 1985 and 2013, according to The Cairo Post.

The case also called for banning the sale of the French satire magazine Charlie Hebdo and Liberation newspaper in Egypt over “blasphemy against Prophet Mohammed.”

The court in question is the same court which previously banned the activities of the April 6 Youth Movement, and which blacklisted Hamas’s Al-Qassam Brigades and the Muslim Brotherhood.

Two years ago, the Cairo Administrative Court ruled that it has no jurisdiction over a lawsuit demanding the cancellation of the 1979 peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

The 1979 treaty has been increasingly put in question since the 2011 revolution which toppled former President Hosni Mubarak.

Under the regime of former Muslim Brotherhood president Mohammed Morsi, there were calls to urgently change the peace treaty with Israel, with an adviser to the Islamist president saying that in its current form, the historic treaty maintains the national security of the “Zionist enemy” more than it helps Egypt’s national security.

Despite the calls, Morsi maintained the peace treaty, though at one he rejected an Israeli request to upgrade the relations between the countries and also recalled the Egyptian ambassador to Israel in protest of Israel’s counterterrorism Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza in late 2012.

Current Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi said before he was elected that he would be willing to consider making changes to the peace agreement with Israel.

Original Article: Israel International News

Jordan: the legal guardian

Jordan with mount

In one of the rooms of the Jordanian royal palace in Amman hangs a famous painting from 128 years ago by the artist Gustav Bauernfeind. This breathtaking piece of art depicts a group of Jews standing at the Cotton Merchant’s Gate, one of the entrances to the Temple Mount.

The artist himself wrote of the painting: “Before this gate stands a group of Jews, who are more or less extending their necks toward their Garden of Eden, which in the past was their national holy site, basking in the glow of the sunlight with various colors. … The gate’s guard — I almost said the Temple’s guard — holds a spear in his hand, preventing their entry. Inside the compound Muslims wander about, dressed in vibrant colors. A good contradiction, is it not?”

King Hussein, the late father of the current monarch, Abdullah, noticed the painting during a visit to Germany more than two decades ago. He fell in love with it immediately. His emissaries paid a fortune to buy it. Through his deft use of the paintbrush, Bauernfeind unwittingly provided the snapshot image that reflects the manner in which the Hashemite kingdom views itself — the guardian at the gate and legal custodian of the Muslim holy places in Jerusalem.

The painting that Hussein loved so much describes the scene at the Cotton Merchant’s Gate in the 19th century, but it may as well encapsulate the prevailing contemporary reality on Temple Mount — Jews out, and Muslims, spears in hand, in.

The attitude of King Abdullah toward the Temple Mount and the Muslim holy sites there does not differ fundamentally from that of his father. Abdullah himself is named after his grandfather, who was assassinated 63 years ago on the steps of Al-Aqsa mosque. The Cotton Merchant’s Gate is not just a historical site for him.

To be more precise, the gate as well as the gate nearest to it, the Chain Gate, have become the focal point of a very business-like Israeli-Jordanian dialogue regarding the status quo on Temple Mount. For the first time in years, Israel was set to announce that it had come to an understanding with the Waqf whereby these two gates would serve as entrance points for tourists wishing to visit the Temple Mount, as had been custom since the days after the Six-Day War. Until now, tourists have come through Mughrabi Gate.

Those plans, however, were upended by the violent Muslim rioting on the Temple Mount and the series of murderous terror attacks that were largely inspired by the libelous claim of “Al-Aqsa is in danger.” For now, the authorities are making do with contingency plans aimed at calming tensions.

The details of these plans were hashed out in preliminary discussions between Jordanian officials and Israeli police and diplomatic representatives. The tripartite summit meeting in Amman between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Jordan’s King Abdullah, and US Secretary of State John Kerry — just days before the brutal massacre of worshippers in a synagogue in the Har Nof section of Jerusalem — cemented the deal.

The meeting served two purposes. The first, and most obvious and immediate, was to lower the temperature and friction on Temple Mount. The other, not as explicit yet certainly a longer-term project, was to ensure the stability and survivability of the Jordanian regime, the fate of which has been a long-standing concern for both the U.S. and Israel.

The lowering of tensions on the Temple Mount and the removal of the supposed danger of changing the status quo at the site were mainly intended to appease the Jordanians, who have grown more apprehensive about the Islamic holy sites in Jerusalem. More importantly, however, these steps were aimed at allowing the Jordanian monarchy to demonstrate before the entire Arab and Muslim world that its status on Temple Mount — which is enshrined in the language of the peace treaty it signed with Israel — is not about to change.

Concern for the Jordanian regime’s stability is not far-fetched. The country’s demographics — with 20 percent of the population comprised of Bedouins and Arab tribes loyal to the king and which makes up the backbone of the military and security forces, and the other 80 percent Palestinian — is a source of constant worry for Western intelligence officials.

Jordan acts as a buffer between Israel and Iraq as well as between Syria and Saudi Arabia, the large petroleum exporter and wealthy U.S. ally. Jordan’s borders in the north and east are being menaced by Islamic State, which is trying to establish footholds in the Hashemite kingdom. In the capital, Amman, which is in southern Jordan, rallies have already been held to express support for Islamic State. Intelligence people in the West fear that this is only the beginning.

Subversive activity

From Israel’s perspective, Jordan is a strategic asset from a regional-security standpoint. The peace treaty with Jordan freed Israel from the burden of reinforcing a long, convoluted border that is relatively close to its major population centers. If Jordan collapses, then Israel is liable to find itself in a dangerous situation on its eastern frontier, with armed militias and non-conventional fighters from Islamic State, the Muslim Brotherhood, and Hamas posing a threat.

According to foreign press reports, the two countries continue to maintain close security and intelligence cooperation. Indeed, Israel has on numerous occasions warned the Jordanian authorities of subversive activities in their midst that were supposedly undermining the Hashemite government’s stability. The Atlantic, a prestigious American weekly newsmagazine, once reported that the Mossad had asked to use Jordanian airspace in order to bomb chemical weapons sites in Syria.

Israeli-Jordanian cooperation extends beyond security and defense issues. Jordan permits Israel to export goods from its territory to the Gulf states. Amman is also involved in the joint water canal project initiated by Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The canal is designed to channel water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, balancing out the rapid drop in the water level. There are also plans to build a desalination plant in Aqaba that would be used by both Israel and Jordan, and Israel is supplying large quantities of natural gas to Jordan at considerable profit.

The U.S. also has vital interests in Jordan. According to foreign press reports, the Americans recently sent military advisers to Jordan to prepare for the possibility that the regime of President Bashar Assad would fall. It was also reported that the Jordanian military took part in drills and maneuvers with the armies of France, Britain, and the U.S.

The prospect of Jordan allowing Israeli jets to fly over its territory as part of a bombing mission against Iranian nuclear facilities was also discussed in the press. On its website, Newsweek ran a story detailing possible attack scenarios that took this option into account.

This has been the real backdrop to the series of meetings held in recent weeks between Netanyahu and King Abdullah. The Israeli defense establishment believes that the “cries of distress” heard in Jordan over the Temple Mount — which included Amman’s decision to order its envoy back from Israel for consultations — reflect a genuine crisis.

There is a real fear for the kingdom’s viability, while public opinion is enraged over the possibility that the gun-shy king, who has shown restraint in the face of the “fire” that has erupted surrounding the Temple Mount, will be the one who abandons the Islamic holy sites. As it has done in the past, Israel is showing willingness to pay steep prices, including on the Temple Mount, in order to appease its ally and neighbor to the east.

A special role for the kingdom

Not long after the Six-Day War, when informal ties between Jordan and Israel were maintained under the surface, then-defense minister Moshe Dayan, the father of the status quo on the Temple Mount, agreed to allow Jordan to plant its flag on the mosques at the site as part of a final peace settlement between the two countries.

Some Labor-led governments (helmed by Golda Meir and Levi Eshkol) were willing to confer ex-territorial status on the mosques on the Temple Mount and to hand over the day-to-day responsibility over them to Jordan, which would represent the Muslim world. In light of this approach, the manner in which Jerusalem and the Temple Mount were dealt with in the peace treaty with Jordan is not surprising.

Efraim Halevy, the former head of Mossad who was the deputy chief of the spy agency at the time that the Israel-Jordan peace treaty was signed, is the brainchild of the Jerusalem clause. In an interview with Israel Hayom, he reveals how the clause came about.

“Jerusalem and the Temple Mount were not mentioned in the agreement,” Halevy said.

“It was only in the later, advanced stages of negotiations, when the final wording of the document was just about agreed upon, that I received a message indicating that King Hussein requested that we add a clause in the agreement regarding Jerusalem.

“I was uneasy about this. It was not my mandate to deal with this issue. I brought the king’s proposed changes to the language to Rabin, who asked me to leave it with him for a couple of days so he could think about it. I know for a fact that he showed it to some people from outside of the political system. Two days later, he summoned me, and he approved the language that the king proposed. He even made concessions in order to further satisfy the Jordanians.

“From Rabin’s vantage point, this was a move that took the issue of Jerusalem out of the immediate dialogue with the Palestinians, instead turning it into a question that was to be settled with an additional interlocutor, the Jordanians, who had historic links to the holy city,” the former Mossad chief said. “At the time, there were rumblings about getting other countries involved, like Morocco and Saudi Arabia, two nations that view themselves as sharing a bond with the Islamic holy places in Jerusalem. They were competing with Jordan over that special status.”

Halevy recalls that the peace agreement with Jordan, which included the Jerusalem clause, was overwhelmingly approved by over 100 members of Knesset, although the peace treaty is well-remembered because of two individuals who did not vote in favor of its precisely because of the Jerusalem clause — Ariel Sharon and Binyamin Ze’ev Begin.

“Israel respects the present special role of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Muslim holy shrines in Jerusalem,” the clause reads. “When negotiations on the permanent status will take place, Israel will give high priority to the Jordanian historic role in these shrines.”

I asked Halevy about the practical significance of this clause. Does Israel have sovereignty over the Temple Mount, as the government has pledged over again and as the High Court of Justice has affirmed? Or is Jordan the real custodian? Halevy said the question was “a very charged one,” one “that doesn’t really have an answer.”

The former Mossad chief says he is concerned about “provocative” statements about asserting Israeli sovereignty over Temple Mount, warning that “they are liable to escalate this conflict into a religious war that is far more destructive than anything we’ve seen thus far.”

“It’s very important to respect the peace treaty,” Halevy said. “When we sign an agreement with an Arab country, we aren’t living just in the moment or living in eternity. There are also the day-to-day matters that stretch out over years, and is these things that eventually shape the texture of our relationship with our neighbors.

“People do not accurately appreciate the necessity of proper relations with Jordan. This is a joint national interest. As part of my responsibilities at Mossad, I spent 13 years working on the Jordanian issue. I was there during the most tense, difficult moments. I would not recommend that anyone discount the importance of good ties with Jordan, even if there are hard feelings over the Temple Mount.”

A threatening cable

Indeed, when it comes to Jordan, it seems as if Israel — whether its premier is named Rabin, Sharon, or Netanyahu — is adopting the Halevy line. In 1967, Dayan empowered the Jordanian Waqf to manage the day-to-day affairs of the Temple Mount. In the early 1990s, when Saudi Arabia and Jordan were both vying for the right to refurbish the Dome of the Rock, Israel helped Jordan get the nod.

King Hussein hastened to sell a large mansion that he owned near London to the ruler of Oman, Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said. He then donated $8 million to the Waqf so that it could replace the gold on the dome. The final day of the refurbishing nearly became a national holiday in Jordan, as the king’s subjects poured into the streets to celebrate.

In 2003, then-prime minister Sharon transferred responsibility for the maintenance of the eastern and southern walls around the Temple Mount to Jordan after cracks were discovered there. The move was opposed at the time by the Israel Antiquities Authority. Jordanian objections have also prompted Netanyahu to — at least for the time being — shelve plans to renovate the Mughrabi Bridge. Jordan is demanding that it be the one to oversee the renovation.

Dr. Shmuel Berkowitz, an internationally renowned expert on Jerusalem and the holy places and the author of the book The War of the Holy Places, revealed to Israel Hayom that Jordan reneged on a signed agreement with Israel regarding the Mughrabi Bridge because of a cable sent by the most important Sunni cleric alive today, Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi. In the cable, al-Qaradawi threatened King Abdullah, warning that the Palestinians in Jordan would stage a mutiny against his rule if he agreed to replace the Mugrabi Bridge.

Israel also accepted Jordan’s position regarding the Little Western Wall (which is an extension of the Western Wall, some 180 meters north of the plaza). So far, a Jordanian veto is standing in the way of plans to remove construction waste and trash from the site. In the wake of recent events, Jordanian pressure led to a postponement of a Knesset committee discussion over the status of the Temple Mount. Amman also led Israel to temporarily freeze a decision to close the site to all visitors — including Muslims — in the wake of the assassination attempt against Yehuda Glick. The closure lasted just one day. Nonetheless, Israel did reject a Jordanian request to build a fifth minaret on Temple Mount which would serve to exalt the special status of the Hashemite monarchy.

Even now, in the wake of the tripartite meeting between Abdullah, Netanyahu, and Kerry, a new reality has taken hold on Temple Mount. Two Fridays ago, Muslims of all ages were permitted to pray in the mosques. On the other hand, the restrictions on Jews entering the site have been made more severe. Police are only permitting a group of five Jewish visitors at a time to enter the area. When the group leaves, another group of five may enter.

The police have also place more stringent limits on a group of Muslim women known as Morbitat who have made a series of provocative visits to the site and who have ambushed groups of Jewish visitors who paid a trip to the area in recent months. The group was financially compensated by the northern branch of the Islamic Movement. Police are now denying many of them entry to the site.

As he has stated repeatedly in public, Netanyahu assured King Abdullah that Israel has no plans to change the status quo on Temple Mount. That means the ban on Jewish prayer at the site — which has been in effect since the Six-Day War — will remain intact.

Hussein’s mandate

Aside from mutual interests, Jordan’s relations with Israel are also motivated by its historic status on the Temple Mount. The Hashemite dynasty lost its position as custodian of the holy places in Mecca and Medina after the rise of the al-Saud family in the wake of the First World War. Hussein bin Ali, who served as the sharif and emir of Mecca, is an offspring of the royal Hashemite clan, whose forefathers view themselves as the progeny of the Prophet Mohammed.

Hussein died in 1931. He was interred on Temple Mount. His second son, King Abdullah I, succeeded him, becoming the first king of Jordan upon the country’s creation in 1946.

Abdullah I maintained a long-running dialogue with the heads of the yishuv in pre-state Israel. After the country’s founding, he held contacts with the Israeli government regarding a possible peace treaty. He was assassinated on July 20, 1951, just as the discussions were turning serious. The gunman, a follower of the grand mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini, killed him in Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount. Abdullah’s grandson, Hussein, was ascended to the throne a short time later, witnessed the murder.

King Hussein is known for the peace treaty that he signed with Israel, which gave Jordan a formal status on Temple Mount. This status which Israel conferred upon the Hashemite kingdom was met with fury by the Palestinians, who have a long history of conflict with the Jordanians over Muslim seniority at the site.

Nonetheless, Hussein did not shy away from controversy. In a symbolic act, he flew his private jet over Jerusalem and Temple Mount while being escorted by an honorary guard of three Israeli F-15 fighter jets. His son, King Abdullah II, signed an agreement with Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas eighteen months ago in which Ramallah formally empowered Jordan to represent its interests on Temple Mount and in Jerusalem “until a Palestinian state with its capital, Jerusalem, is founded.”

It is believed that Israel was involved in this move from behind the scenes. The agreement further cemented Jordan as the senior representative of the Muslim world on the Temple Mount.

Original Article: Israel Hayom